APE (Monkey’s Audio) is a lossless audio file format released in 2000 by Matthew T. Ashland. Because it’s a lossless sound format, it doesn’t lose data during compression, unlike other standard formats like AAC, MP3, and Vorbis. However, Monkey’s Audio is available on PC only. To play APE on Mac OS X and Linux, you’ll need a third-party plugin like JRiver Media Center.
FLAC (Free Lossless Audio Codec) is a free lossless digital audio format developed by Xiph.Org. A compressed FLAC file can be reduced by between 50-70% of the original size and decompress back to the original sound data. This file format supports metadata like ID3 tags, cover art, and album title.