CAF (Core Audio Format) is a free audio container format developed by Apple and works on macOS 10.4 or later. It can also be opened on macOS 10.3 using QuickTime 7. Apart from audio, CAF can also hold multiple metadata such as file name, album name, composer, and more. It comes with a filename extension of .caf.
Apple QuickTime Player Soundtrack Pro Logic Studio
FLAC (Free Lossless Audio Codec) is a free lossless digital audio format developed by Xiph.Org. A compressed FLAC file can be reduced by between 50-70% of the original size and decompress back to the original sound data. This file format supports metadata like ID3 tags, cover art, and album title.